Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs, s) and criticism on it

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs, s) and criticism on it

Suitable Development Goals Total Sustainable Development Goals are seventeen and targets are 169 in number. The target year for these goals is 2030. The target year is 2030.

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs, s)
Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs, s)

Sustainable Development Goals

  • 1 No Poverty 
  • 2 Zero hunger 
  • 3 Good health and well-being 
  • 4 Quality Education 
  • 5 Gender equality 
  • 6 Clean water and sanitation 
  • 7 Affordable and clean energy 
  • 8 Decent work and economic growth
  • 9 Industry, innovation, and infrastructure 
  • 10 Reduced inequalities 
  • 11 Sustainable cities and economies 
  • 12 Responsible consumption and production 
  • 13 Climate action
  • 14 Life below water 
  • 15 Life on land 
  • 16 Peace, justice, and strong institution 
  • 17 Partnership for the goals

Criticism on Sustainable Development Goals

1 Measurement criteria 

Despite the recommendation, measurement criteria in SDG, s is global. 

In most of the European states, North America, and South America per capita income and production is growing. It improves the average. So, measurement criteria must be either regional or sub-regional but not global. 

2 Absence of peace 

Development is possible when peace prevails in an area. Neither millennium development goals (MDGs, s) nor sustainable development goals (SDGs, s) address political peace. In the World, interstate and intra-state issues prevail particularly, civil war. 

3 Ignoring agriculture 

Agriculture is the backbone of Third World countries, In MDG, s agriculture was largely ignored. However, of 17 SDGs, with 169 targets, merely one target deals with agriculture. Apart from this, SDGs, s largely focus on seafood, but what about landlocked countries? How can they use it?

4 Role of developed countries 

It has been decided that developed countries would contribute 0.7 percent of their GNP to MDGs, s. Such contribution would be used for development in Third World countries. In 2015, it was concluded that the biggest amount was contributed by Australia only which was merely 0.5 percent of its GNP. None of the countries contributed up to 0.7 percent. In SDGs, no such obligation was imposed on developed countries 

5 Debate on achieving targets 

In MDG, 's target of poverty curtailing was half of what was in the 1990, 's. 

But merely China and India uplifted 0.7 billion people from poverty via their independent policies. The remaining 0.3 billion people raise questions on the claim of MDG, 's poverty reduction. So, it is clear that the claim of target achievements is debatable. To date, India and China are not accepting models of MDG, s and SDG, s. 

6 Education 

Final report of MDG, s claims that universal primary education has been achieved. Such reports are provided by each state. Such reports were largely fake or were provided to achieve more financial aid. In Pakistan, for instance, 50 percent of children are out of school. In SDGs, s, therefore, universal primary education completion not enrollment is a focus. 

7 Relations between States and NGOs 

Till MDG, s, only state reports were focused on, but after 2015, both the reports of states and NGOs, s have been focused on. Therefore, in 2016 onward relations between Third World countries and such NGOs, s were started to become problematic. In Pakistan also licensing and other restrictions were imposed on NGOs working in education and health-related spheres

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